And think flat! Heels are just asking for trouble. If you’re experiencing pain, it is best to see your doctor, but you can try icing the area or taking aspirin or ibuprofen to reduce the inflammation. Really severe bunions, however, may require surgery. No more dry, Callused heels In the bath or shower keep a pedifile or foot-file and a callus preparation used by manicurists called Callus Eliminator. Both of these can be found at any beauty supply store. Your daily exercise program for all diabetics can be walking, and you should do it at least 5 days a week for at least 20 to 30 minuets a day. This can be compared to a new hinge on a garden gate with smooth movement around the hinge pin and very little play in an up / down direction. The same hinge in 5-10 years, having been used 1000's of times will now squeak, have a few lumps of rust built up and have plenty of play against gravity. Corns and callus are one of the most common problems seen by Podiatrists. They can occur on any part of the foot or sometimes on palms and vary in symptoms from a mild hardness under the foot, to an infected ulcer that can develop under a corn on a toe. Avocado - Avocados are simply packed with nutrients and healthy compounds like folate and beta-sitosteral, which protects against stroke and lowers cholesterol levels. They also contain vitamin E and glutathione, both essential for overall good health, age prevention and the prevention of heart disease. Avocados contain only healthy fats, and also aid in the absorption of other nutrients in a synergistic manner. Add avocados to your next salad and your body will absorb five times the carotenoids than without them. When you eat avocados, you are reducing your risk of breast cancer, oral cancers, macular degeneration and prostate cancer. Diabetes afflicts about 16 million Americans, according to the American Diabetes Association. Individuals with diabetes are prone to complications. One of the foremost complications is nervous system damage or neuropathy which causes the lose of feeling in the feet. As a result, a diabetic person might not feel cuts, scratches, blisters and breaks in the skin. These wounds can lead to unnoticed infection and if left untreated, they can lead to serious consequences, including amputation. If you have diabetes, you may not notice rough seams in socks and shoes or a pressure/friction from ill fitting shoes. This combined with poor circulation can put a diabetic patient at risk for infection. If you do hurt your foot or ankle, podiatrists suggest you get off your feet immediately. Next, elevate the injured foot higher than the waist to reduce swelling and pain, and use cold compresses in a 20 minute on 40 minute off cycle. For bleeding lacerations, cleanse well, apply pressure with gauze or a towel, cover with a clean dressing and get to a podiatrist’s office as quickly as possible. No other parts of the human body put up with as much verbal abuse as the feet. They're often labeled the "ugliest part of the body", for example, and they seldom escape being prefaced with the adjectives, "smelly" or "stinky". Researchers still disagree about exactly how prevalent leg length inequality is or how much of an inequality is necessary to cause problems, said Yvonne Golightly, PT, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow and physical therapist at the UNC Rheumatology/Thurston Arthritis Research Center. They found that participants who had a limb-length inequality of two centimeters (0.8 inch) or more were more likely to develop osteoarthritis in the knee. They were also slightly more likely to develop osteoarthritis in the hip, but that association was not as strong. The researchers’ work was published last year in The Journal of Rheumatology. Bunions are a progressive disorder. A bunion is an enlargement or bump on the inside of the big toe joint. They usually begin as the big toe moves toward the smaller toes. The enlargement makes the big toe joint stick out further on the side, and forces the big toe to curve in closer to the other toes. Women are affected by this condition mainly due to high-heeled, pointy-toed shoes which cramp the air causing problems to your feet. Bunions result from inflammation and thickening of the bursa (fluid-filled sac in the connective tissue) and cause abnormal bone formation and misalignment of the toe. The most common things we see here are corns, damaged toes, ingrown toe nails and thickened toe nails, all undoubtedly caused by ill fitting shoes that have thin soles that rub or squash toes. Thin soled shoes are not a natural shape to the foot and cause corns and hard skin. I believe the best way to avoid foot problems is common sense, I get women coming in having bought a nice pair of shoes, even though they were a size too small because they are the only ones that they had in stock. Orthotics are splints or regulators while conservative measures include various footwear like gelled toe spacers, bunion / toes separators, bunion regulators, bunion splints and bunion cushions. There is a variety of available orthotics (or orthoses) including over-the-counter or off-the-shelf commercial products and as necessary, custom-molded orthotics that are generally prescribed medical devices. Surgery edit Bunions are painful. Finding appropriate shoe wear can become difficult, especially for women who want to be fashionable but have difficulty tolerating fashionable shoe wear. Finally, increasing deformity begins to displace the second toe upward and may create a situation where the second toe is constantly rubbing on the shoe.